|Purple passionflower bloom and leaves. |
Photos by Stacey Matrazzo
Purple passionflower, also known as maypop, is an herbaceous, perennial vine that can be prostrate or climbing by way of axillary tendrils. The flower is extraordinarily intricate, with 10 lavender tepals, a purple-and-white-fringed corona, and a central "crown" of pink filaments, resembling something out of a Dr. Seuss book. The leaves are deeply three-lobed, alternately arranged, with dark green upper and whitish lower surfaces. The fruit is a large yellow-orange berry with edible pulp that is typically borne in late summer to fall. The entire plant has known medicinal uses.
Purple passionflower occurs naturally in open hammocks, along roadsides and in disturbed areas. It is the larval host plant of several butterflies including the gulf fritillary and zebra longwing.
Hardiness: North, Central and South Florida (Zones 7–10b)
Soil: Well-drained, acidic to slightly alkaline, sandy or loamy soils
Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
Growth habit: 3-10+ feet long
Garden tips: Purple passionflower can be propagated by seeds, cuttings and root suckers. It also can spread vigorously on its own, covering a lot of ground in a short time. It is deciduous and will usually die back in the winter, is drought tolerant and moderately salt tolerant.
Purple passionflower is often available at nurseries that specialize in native plants.Visit PlantRealFlorida.org to find a native nursery in your area. Seeds are available through the Florida Wildflowers Growers Cooperative.
To see where purple passionflower occurs naturally in Florida, visit florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3464.