Friday, February 13, 2015

Flower Friday: Gaze into Florida's beautiful greeneyes.

Florida greeneyes. Photo by Stacey Matrazzo
Florida greeneyes (Berlandiera subacaulis)
Florida greeneyes is a perennial herbaceous wildflower. Its bright blooms consist of vibrant yellow ray florets, and greenish-yellow, tubular disc florets, sitting in a cup of bright green bracts. Its dark green, basal leaves are ovately shaped with scalloped margins when young; as they mature, they become more deeply lobed. Its stem is hairy. Seeds develop in the bracts and mature into a distinctive, plate-like seed head.

Florida greeneyes typically flowers in spring. It occurs naturally in sandhills, pine flatwoods, and mixed upland forests, as well as along dry roadsides and in ruderal areas. 

Florida greeneyes is endemic to Florida. It attracts a variety of pollinators.

The species is named for the 19th century French botanist Jean-Louis Berlandier, who collected botanicals in Mexico and Texas.

Two stages of Florida greeneyes' distinctive seedhead.
Family: Asteraceae (Daisy family)

Native range: Eastern Panhandle, north and central peninsula, Lee and Monroe counties

Hardiness: Zones 8b-10

Soil: Dry to well-drained sandy soils

Exposure: Full sun to minimal shade

Growth habit: 1–2 feet tall

Garden tips: Once established, Florida greeneyes can form large clumps and produce copious blooms, making for a beautiful spring display. It is easily propagated by seed and root division, is low maintenance and drought tolerant. 

Florida greeneyes seeds are available from the Florida Wildflower Cooperative
Plants are often available at nurseries that specialize in native plants.Visit PlantRealFlorida.org to find a native nursery on your area.

To see where Florida greeneyes occurs naturally, visit florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=17.

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